the individual components or specific materials used to build a temporary structure,
a supporting working platform for constructing any permanent building or
repairing or renovating any old building.
The primary aim of constructing a scaffold
is to create a platform on which mason can work at different heights. Scaffolds
also help to lift materials for the immediate uses at different heights.
Thus,scaffold is used to support a work crew and materials to aid
in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings,
bridges and all other man-made structures. Scaffolds are widely used on site to
get access to heights and areas that would be otherwise hard to get
to. Unsafe scaffolding has the potential to result in death or serious
injury. Scaffolding is also used in adapted forms for shoring, grandstand seating,
concert stages, access/viewing towers, exhibition stands, ski ramps, half pipes
and art projects.
History of Scaffolding
evidence of scaffolding dates way back to prehistoric times because holes
still exist in the walls of Palaeolithiccaves at Lascaux in the
Dordogne region of south-western France. Sockets in the walls reveal that a
structure resembling scaffoldings were used for staging to enable the primitive
occupants to paint their famous wall paintings over 17,000 years ago.
There is also evidence to suggest that the
ancientEgyptians used wooden scaffolding to create buildings associated
with the pyramids. The Greek historian, Herodotus, also
wrote the use of scaffolding in the construction of Pyramid. They also used wooden scaffolds to lift the stones to the
positions and place them at the correct places. Scaffolds were also used to
carve out statues around a big sized rock from the top to the bottom.
modern scaffolding started in the
early 20th century when metal fixings were introduced in place of rope. It wasn’t until the early 1900s that
metal scaffolding tubes as we know them today were introduced. Prior to this
date, lengths of bamboo lashed together with hemp rope were used widely as a
method of creating and erecting a scaffold frame. Later on, metal
pipes began to be introduced which brought about a revolutionary change in the
construction of very tall buildings. Metallic
scaffoldings are the main pillars of the modern scaffolding business.
In the 1900s Daniel
Palmer-Jones, is known as the ‘Grandfather
of Scaffolding’, realised that the newly introduced metal poles for
scaffolding had a tendency to slip when tied together with ropes. He realised
that a set of standard fixings would be a better way of securing both wooden
and metal poles alike and, after multiple experiments of varying successes,
they eventually came up with “Rapid
Following World War II, a massive building program was begun to reconstruct
many of the bombed areas of Britain. The first frame system was
introduced by SGB, in 1944, and a
year later its use was adopted for rebuilding projects throughout the nation,
allowing the company to become the successful construction company it is today.
Nowadays we have strict working regulations that continue to shape how the scaffolding industry operates and ensure that safety is paramount. Here at Spar Steel Scaffolding we are proud to be world safety standard and regulatory authority qualified, approved and certified scaffolding manufacturer and service provider in UAE, Saudi Arabia, Middle East and other MENA countries. We give peace of mind to our scaffolding clients regarding products and services supplied to complete their construction and other scaffolding related project. All our staff hold valid health & safety cards and each crew is trained and lead by a highly qualified, skilled, advanced, and certified scaffolding professionals.
Types, Uses and Importance of Specific Scaffolding
Scaffolding is an essential and integral part
of almost all construction projects and has been used ever since the ancient
period when first structures were either built or renovated or painted. Types
of scaffolding varies with the type of construction work to get access to structures at height during construction.
Sometimes scaffolding is used to support workers and their tools, but other
times they’re used to support significant loads from building materials, like
bricks, blocks, stucco, or cast-in-place concrete, which is called as ‘shoring’ instead of ‘scaffolding’.
of the most important types of scaffolding around the world are:
& Bamboo Scaffolding
scaffolding or Brick layer’s Scaffolding
scaffolding or Mason’s Scaffolding
Steel or Tubular scaffolding
Tube & Clamp Scaffolding
or Needle Scaffolding
or Swinging scaffolding
Staircase Towers Scaffolding
& Brace Scaffolding
Why are so many types of scaffolding there in the world?
The types of scaffoldings are
based on many factors, such as the equipment is readily available, material
used, cost of equipment, types of project, labors cost, their availability,
regions, risk and safety of construction workers and platform on which they work.
Depending on where you’re working in the
world, different types of scaffolding systems will be more common. Moreover,
scaffoldings made of steel and aluminum depending on the nature and budget of
projects are preferred to be used except some projects where wooden poles and
bamboo’s scaffoldings are fairly common.
As a designer or scaffolding clients make sure
that you’re choosing the scaffolding system that works best for your project
and follows the local and international safety regulations.
The most important information
about different types of scaffoldings including their applications and the
regions where used are given below:
1. Wooden & Bamboo Scaffolding
scaffolding are used almost everywhere and
it’s more common outside of North America and Europe. Pre-cut lumber was the
most common type of scaffolding until steel, and the fabrication of materials,
became much more affordable.
Bamboo scaffolding is a type of scaffolding made from bamboo and is used extensively across the world, particularly
in Asia and Hong Kong where it’s favored for
strength, flexibility, and eco-friendliness. Countries that have tropical climates harvest the bamboo as it can grow strong and
quick to be used as scaffolding material. China is home to 500 species of bamboo, which is 40% of all known species in the world. But in
most of China, bamboo has largely fallen out
of use as a
construction material because of safety concerns. Builders favor aluminum and Spar Steel, which they see as higher quality.
2. Single scaffolding or Brick layer’s Scaffolding
Single scaffoldingis commonly used for brick masonry and is so called as brick layer’s scaffolding. Single scaffolding consists of standards, ledgers, putlogs etc., which is parallel to the wall at a distance of about 1.2 m. In this scaffolding, a series of vertical members made of bamboo or timber, known as Standards, are firmly fixed into the ground in a row parallel to the building wall. The distance in between two standards is generally kept within 2.4 to 3 m.
The putlogs i.e. transverse
horizontal members are placed at a horizontal spacing of 120 cm such that one
end is supported on the ledgers and the other end is held in the holes made in
the wall. Rope lashing is used to fasten the putlogs with ledgers.
In case, the height of the scaffolding is
very high, then to maintain its stability, sometimes diagonal members
are provided. Braces are cross diagonally fitted with the standards using rope
3. Double Scaffolding or Mason’s Scaffolding
Scaffolding or Mason’s Scaffolding is commonly used for stone masonry. It is
stronger than brick layer’s scaffolding. In stone walls, it is hard to make
holes in the wall to support putlogs. So, two rows of scaffolding is
constructed to make it strong whereas in brick layer’s scaffolding single row
of standard is fixed into the ground. The first row is 20 – 30 cm away from the
wall and the other one is 1m away from the first row. In this case putlogs are
not fixed with the wall. Put logs are supported at both ends on ledgers. But in
brick layer’s scaffolding one end of putlog is fixed with wall. To make it more
strong rakers and cross braces are provided. And there is no need to make any
hole on the wall surface. Therefore this is also called as independent
scaffolding. Sometime raking shores are
provided to prevent the slipping of scaffolding away from the wall.
Spar Steel or Tubular Scaffolding
is made by using steel pipes and tubes which are fixed together by steel
couplers or fittings. It is very easy to construct or dismantle. It has greater
strength, more durability, and higher fire resistance. It is not economical but
will give more safety for workers and construction material. So, it is used
Steel scaffolding is better to brick
layer’s and mason’s scaffolding. In this case instead of using timber, steel
tube of diameter of 40 m to 60 mm are used, instead of using rope lashing,
special types of steel couples are used for fastening, and instead of fixing
the standards into the ground, it is placed on base plate.
In steel scaffolding structure the gap
between two standards in a row is generally kept within 2.5 m to 3 m. These
standards are fixed on a square or round steel plate, called as Base Plate,
by means of welding. Ledgers are
spaced at every rise of 1.8 m. Length of the putlogs are normally 1.2 m to
Spar Steel or Tubular Scaffolding
has many advantages in comparison of others such as:
Scaffolding can be erected or dismantled more rapidly in
comparison to timber or bamboo scaffolding. This helps in saving construction time.
is more durable than
timber, and therefore more economical in long run.
has more fire resisting capacity.
is more suitable and safe
for scaffolding workers to work at any height.
Tube & Clamp Scaffolding is one of the earliest types of steel scaffolding and consists of
two parts, including the tubes and clips, which known as ‘couples.’ To erect
the scaffold, there is need to connect tubes together to make long runs and
then connect the verticals and horizontals together with clamps built
specifically for these tubes.
This scaffolding system is very
flexible to place the verticals as per need of the work. The steel in this type
of scaffolding is specially designed to protect against rust and corrosion,
meaning it’s a good choice for regions with harsh weather.
In needle scaffolding instead of fixing
the standard into the ground, it is placed at some height above the ground
level. The platform on which stands are placed is called needle.
A needle is a cantilever structure, made of timber, projected out from the
holes in wall.
Thus, cantilever or needle scaffolding is
temporary supporting platform for construction work in which the standards are
supported on series of needles and these needles are taken out through holes in
the wall. That is why it is called single frame type scaffolding. In the other
type needles are strutted inside the floors through the openings and this is
called independent or double frame type scaffolding.
or Needle Scaffolding is used in the following conditions:
the ground does not having the capacity to support standards or not possible to
fix standard into the ground.
construction is done on the side of a busy street and the ground near the wall
is to be free from traffic.
construction work is carried out at very high level in case of tall building
and upper part of the wall is under construction.
7. Suspended or Swinging Scaffolding
or Swinging Scaffolding is a working
platform suspended from roofs with the help of wire ropes or chains, etc. which
can be raised or lowered to as per required level. Suspended scaffolds can provide
significant savings on very tall structures that need light duty access, like
ongoing building maintenance, repair works, paintings and small improvements.
8. Systems Scaffolding
Scaffolding is sometimes also known as modular
scaffolding, which consists mainly of vertical and horizontal
pre-engineered components that connect together in a systematic fashion. It is
likely the most used type of scaffolding across the globe and there are
hundreds of manufacturers, each having specific efficiencies. Some perform well
in very highly loaded conditions and others are more suited to smaller repeated
term ‘systems scaffolding’ includes many different types of scaffolding
that can be used to create standardized scaffolding bays.
Some of the most popular types
of systems scaffolding includes:
Systems Scaffolding is generally made from
galvanized steel. It is relevant and reliable for its ability to support heavy
loads. With galvanized steel cuplocks at every 500mm to 1,000mm, it creates
highly standardized systems scaffolding base that work well for scaffolding
designs with repeated patterns.
Scaffolding is a quick erection
stage scaffolding modular
system. It is used in construction, building tower, concrete formwork
support. It is mostly preferred in Australia and UK as a scaffolding
standards tools. From commercial to residential
applications, Kwikstage is both easy to erect and relatively adaptable. With
just five components required, it’s easy to assemble and disassemble. Non-slip
platforms and double guard rails included with Kwikstage improve its safety and
Haki Staircase Towers
The Haki Stair Tower
system consists of Haki universal standards, beams,
diagonal braces and guardrails and the other components that are designed
specifically for stair towers, such as
landings, stair flights, handrails,
toe-boards, etc. Its components are hot-dip galvanized.
These staircases are a part of
the scaffold structure that enable the workers to travel from level to level,
but sometimes a stair tower is used on its own. These scaffolds are also
designed for workers safety and their temporary access to a section of the
9. Frame & Brace Scaffolding
Fabricated frame and brace scaffolding consists
of frames, braces, planks, and bases. This scaffold is very light and can be
erected very quickly. It’s important to note that this type of scaffolding
isn’t as strong as system scaffolding. Fabricated frame
and brace scaffolds are the most common type of scaffold because they are
versatile, economical, and easy to use in small-scale projects where
scaffolding could be made mobile. They
are frequently used in one or two tiers by residential contractors, painters,
etc., but their modular frames can
also be stacked several stories high for use on large-scale construction jobs.
These scaffolding is very common for residential and commercial applications in
North America and Europe.
10. Mast Climbing Scaffolding
Mast Climbing Scaffolding is similar to
suspended scaffolding, it can extend to various heights. Instead of hanging
from wires, it can climb up and down on fixed mast structures that are placed
on the ground. It is preferred by scaffolders who need to support heavy loads.
In case of a brick or block wall that needs to
be built, mast climbing scaffolding is used as it can be adjusted to get to
various heights in small increments. These scaffolds range in height, some only
a couple floors tall while others climb several stories.
As mast climbers don’t require a significant
amount of space at the base of the structure, they are ideal for projects with
limited ground area.
11. Shoring Scaffolding
is a system that supports the ceilings, walls and trenches (shoring). They are designed to be able
to mechanically telescope to about twice their shortest length in order to span
a wide variety of spaces.
Whenever is a concrete slab for
a building floor, the concrete almost certainly poured on top of a form in
order to hold the liquid concrete until it changes into a solid that can
support itself. Most often the structure underneath consists of scaffolding.
standard quality product materials and scaffolding
meet OSHA, ARAMCO, Adnoc, Enoc, UAEand SABIC specification,
Tube and Fittings: Galvanised Iron Scaffolding Tubes, Double Coupler, Swivel
Coupler, Putlog Coupler, Grider-Coupler, Board Retaining Clamp, Toe Board
Couplers, Sleeve Coupler, Ladder Clamp, Rocking Or Swivel Base Plate,
Adjustable U Head Jack, Scaffolding Ladder Beams, Scaffolding Ladders, Heavy
Duty Self-Closing Scaffolding Gate, Scaffolding Base Plate, Adjustable Base
Moreover, by keeping the safety and security of scaffolds structure and workers, scaffolding customers should not compromise with the kinds and quality of scaffolding products and servicesused in scaffolding
Locations for Spar Group Scaffolding Products & Services
For Spar Steelquality
scaffolding products and services based on OSHA, Saudi
Aramco, and Adnoc,
Enoc, UAE safety
standard and rules, clients can contact on the following addresses given below:
1. RAK – UAE
SPAR STEEL INDUSTRIES LLC
PO Box 37374, Plot No. P111,
Al Ghail Industrial Park,
Ras Al Khaimah, UAE
ARABIAN SPAR CO. LTD
King Abdullah Road, After Flyover, Behind KPS 33
Post Box -1396, Al- Jubail – 31951,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel : +966 (13) 3619096, +966 (13) 3627320 Fax: 966 (13) 3618032 Email:email@example.com
4. RIYADH KSA
ARABIAN SPAR CO. LTD
PO Box 4424, Ring Road, Exit-22,
Faryan Street, Riyadh-14515
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